Original Research

The effect of two different visual presentation modalities on the narratives of mainstream grade 3 children

Daleen Klop, Lizanne Engelbrecht
South African Journal of Communication Disorders | Vol 60, No 1 | a6 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajcd.v60i1.6 | © 2013 Daleen Klop, Lizanne Engelbrecht | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 19 February 2013 | Published: 27 November 2013

About the author(s)

Daleen Klop, Division Speech-Language and Hearing Therapy, Department of Interdisciplinary Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Stellenbosch University, Tygerberg, Cape Town, South Africa
Lizanne Engelbrecht, Division Speech-Language and Hearing Therapy, Department of Interdisciplinary Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Stellenbosch University, Tygerberg, Cape Town, South Africa

Abstract

Objective: This study investigated whether a dynamic visual presentation method (a soundless animated video presentation) would elicit better narratives than a static visual presentation method (a wordless picture book).

Method: Twenty mainstream grade 3 children were randomly assigned to two groups and assessed with one of the visual presentation methods. Narrative performance was measured in terms of micro- and macrostructure variables. Microstructure variables included productivity (total number of words, total number of T-units), syntactic complexity (mean length of T-unit) and lexical diversity measures (number of different words). Macrostructure variables included episodic structure in terms of goal-attempt-outcome (GAO) sequences.

Results: Both visual presentation modalities elicited narratives of similar quantity and quality in terms of the micro- and macrostructure variables that were investigated.

Conclusion: Animation of picture stimuli did not elicit better narratives than static picture stimuli.


Keywords

digital technology; narratives; narrative elicitation procedures

Metrics

Total abstract views: 6317
Total article views: 6808

 

Crossref Citations

1. Young children's narrative retell in response to static and animated stories
Emily A. Diehm, Carla Wood, Jane Puhlman, Maya Callendar
International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders  vol: 55  issue: 3  first page: 359  year: 2020  
doi: 10.1111/1460-6984.12523