Original Research

Language abilities of 18-month-old Zulu speakers

Melissa A. Bortz
South African Journal of Communication Disorders | Vol 39, No 1 | a273 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajcd.v39i1.273 | © 2019 Melissa A. Bortz | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 25 October 2016 | Published: 31 December 1992

About the author(s)

Melissa A. Bortz, Department of Speech Pathology and Audiology, University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa

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Abstract

The receptive, expressive and pragmatic language abilities of 18-month-old Zulu speakers were assessed in order to obtain preliminary norms. Twenty-five participants of the Birth to Ten cohort study were investigated using parents reports, mother-child and tester-child interactions. Data was transcribed and analysed using nonparametric statistics. Results demonstrated that receptively subjects understood two-part instructions. Expressively, the mean lexicon was 4.12 words and mean length utterance 0.65. Pragmatically, subjects were functioning on a nonverbal level and exhibited culture-spesific items. The results provided information which could enable speech, language and hearing therapists to engage in primary and secondary prevention. An appropriate test battery for these children discussed.

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