Original Research

Language abilities of 18-month-old Zulu speakers

Melissa A. Bortz
South African Journal of Communication Disorders | Vol 39, No 1 | a273 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajcd.v39i1.273 | © 2019 Melissa A. Bortz | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 25 October 2016 | Published: 31 December 1992

About the author(s)

Melissa A. Bortz, Department of Speech Pathology and Audiology, University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa

Full Text:

PDF (375KB)


The receptive, expressive and pragmatic language abilities of 18-month-old Zulu speakers were assessed in order to obtain preliminary norms. Twenty-five participants of the Birth to Ten cohort study were investigated using parents reports, mother-child and tester-child interactions. Data was transcribed and analysed using nonparametric statistics. Results demonstrated that receptively subjects understood two-part instructions. Expressively, the mean lexicon was 4.12 words and mean length utterance 0.65. Pragmatically, subjects were functioning on a nonverbal level and exhibited culture-spesific items. The results provided information which could enable speech, language and hearing therapists to engage in primary and secondary prevention. An appropriate test battery for these children discussed.


No related keywords in the metadata.


Total abstract views: 1431
Total article views: 879

Crossref Citations

No related citations found.