Original Research

The knowledge-to-action process model for knowledge translation in oral care in South Africa

Jaishika Seedat
South African Journal of Communication Disorders | Vol 70, No 1 | a951 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajcd.v70i1.951 | © 2023 Jaishika Seedat | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 06 October 2022 | Published: 31 July 2023

About the author(s)

Jaishika Seedat, Department of Speech Pathology and Audiology, Faculty of Humanities, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa


Background: Literature supports the mismatch between empirical evidence and service delivery. Given this knowledge gap, it is important that research undertaken has a theoretical foundation, considers the context and stakeholders to confirm its need and that it can be feasibly implemented and sustained.

Objectives: The study aimed to facilitate knowledge translation in oral care using the knowledge-to-action (K2A) process model among nurses.

Method: The study was completed in an acute hospital in South Africa. A qualitative design with ethnography incorporating video-recordings and semi-structured interviews were used. A total of 139 nurses were recruited using random purposive sampling and received training on oral care, which was monitored. Inductive thematic analysis was completed.

Results: The model facilitated information transfer and implementation of oral care by nurses.

Conclusion: With clear directions for use and theoretical underpinning, the K2A model was well-suited to the needs of the study and stakeholders, and the complexity of the context. For challenging contexts such as public healthcare institutions in South Africa, this was ideal and critical to the success of the intervention.

Contribution: When nursing managers show interest and recognise nurses for their role in implementation of interventions, the buy-in, support and sustained use of that intervention is enhanced. A model such as the K2A promotes involvement of all stakeholders (e.g. nurses and their managers) in the design and planning for implementation of an intervention, and these are critical for the successful and feasible use of the intervention.



knowledge-to-action process model; oral care; nursing; acute; South Africa


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