Original Research

The use of non-speech oral-motor exercises among Indian speech-language pathologists to treat speech disorders: An online survey

Roha M. Thomas, Ramesh Kaipa
South African Journal of Communication Disorders | Vol 62, No 1 | a82 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajcd.v62i1.82 | © 2015 Roha M. Thomas, Ramesh Kaipa | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 19 March 2014 | Published: 10 February 2015

About the author(s)

Roha M. Thomas, Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, Oklahoma State University, United States
Ramesh Kaipa, Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, Oklahoma State University, United States


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Abstract

Objective: Previous surveys in the United States of America (USA), the United Kingdom (UK), and Canada have indicated that most of the speech-language pathologists (SLPs) tend to use non-speech oral-motor exercises (NSOMEs) on a regular basis to treat speech disorders.At present, there is considerable debate regarding the clinical effectiveness of NSOMEs. Thecurrent study aimed to investigate the pattern and extent of usage of NSOMEs among Indian SLPs.

Method: An online survey intended to elicit information regarding the use of NSOMEswas sent to 505 members of the Indian Speech and Hearing Association. The questionnaire consisted of three sections. The first section solicited demographic information, the second and third sections solicited information from participants who did and did not prefer to use NSOMEs, respectively. Descriptive statistics were employed to analyse the responses that were clinically relevant.

Results: A total of 127 participants responded to the survey. Ninety-one percent of the participants who responded to the survey indicated that they used NSOMEs.

Conclusion: The results suggested that the percentage of SLPs preferring to use NSOMEsis similar to the findings of surveys conducted in the USA, the UK, and Canada. The Indian SLPs continue to use NSOMEs based on a multitude of beliefs. It is important for SLPs toincorporate the principles of evidence-based practice while using NSOMEs to provide high quality clinical care.



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