Original Research

Public awareness of ear health and hearing loss in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

Khalid A. Alshehri, Waleed M. Alqulayti, Bassam E. Yaghmoor, Hisham Alem
South African Journal of Communication Disorders | Vol 66, No 1 | a633 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajcd.v66i1.633 | © 2019 Khalid A. Alshehri, Waleed M. Alqulayti, Bassam E. Yaghmoor, Hisham Alem | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 06 March 2019 | Published: 26 August 2019

About the author(s)

Khalid A. Alshehri, College of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
Waleed M. Alqulayti, College of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
Bassam E. Yaghmoor, College of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
Hisham Alem, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, College of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia


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Abstract

Background: Knowledge of ear health and hearing loss is essential for early intervention and treatment, but the state of public knowledge of such in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, remains unknown.

Objectives: To measure public knowledge of ear health and hearing loss.

Method: This cross-sectional study was conducted during August 2018 in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. An electronic survey questionnaire was distributed to 2372 residents of various districts in Jeddah. The survey was created in 2013 by adopting previously published World Health Organization material, designed to assess knowledge and perception of ear health. All males and females aged 10 years or older living in Jeddah had the chance to participate in this study. A total of 2372 people participated. Percentages mean ± standard deviation, one-way analysis of variance (ANOVAs) and independent t-tests were applied to determine the significant difference. p-values of 0.05 or less were considered significant.

Results: The overall mean number of correct responses on the survey’s true/false questionnaire was 10.66 ± 1.92 out of 14. Female participants gave a higher mean number of correct answers than did male participants (10.73 ± 2.03 vs. 10.54 ± 2.03, respectively). Participants with a family history of hearing loss gave a higher mean number of correct answers compared with participants who reported a negative family history (10.89 ± 1.82 vs. 10.53 ± 1.97, respectively).

Conclusion: Overall awareness of ear health and hearing loss management is fair. However, the results indicate a need for more integrated educational materials to be made available both to the general population as well as to hearing loss individuals and their families.


Keywords

Public awareness; ear health; hearing loss; audiology; Saudi Arabia.

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