Original Research

The piloting of a specific support programme for Grade R teachers on attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: The process of development

Marguerite de Jongh, Anna-Marie Wium, Wilna Basson
South African Journal of Communication Disorders | Vol 66, No 1 | a600 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajcd.v66i1.600 | © 2019 Marguerite de Jongh, Wilna Basson, Anna-Marie Wium | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 24 May 2018 | Published: 26 March 2019

About the author(s)

Marguerite de Jongh, Discipline of Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology, Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University, Ga-Rankuwa, Pretoria, South Africa
Anna-Marie Wium, Discipline of Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology, Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University, Ga-Rankuwa, Pretoria, South Africa
Wilna Basson, Department of Psychology, Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University, Ga-Rankuwa, Pretoria, South Africa


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Abstract

Background: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common psychiatric disorders in children and is generally identified and diagnosed during the preschool years. Preschool learners with ADHD are at risk of developing emergent literacy difficulties, crucial for the development of reading and writing. Many teachers have insufficient training to identify and address barriers to learning, such as ADHD.

Aim: The aim of this article was to report on the process followed in the development of a specific support programme for Grade R teachers on ADHD and on the piloting of the programme.

Method: An adapted version of the intervention research model provided the structure and phases for the development, implementation and evaluation of the support programme. Current literature on ADHD training programmes, adult learning principles and Bronfenbrenners’ ecosystemic framework was explored to develop the programme, training material, manual and method of presentation (Phase 1). Workshops were presented to 65 Grade R teachers working in an urban and semi-rural context (Phase 2). Participants were made aware of the symptoms of ADHD, and early identification and management of specific barriers to learning, such as ADHD, in order to reduce the risk of educational complications. Participants provided feedback (Phase 3) on the training, training material and manner of presentation following the workshops.

Results: The results obtained in phases 1 and 2 of the adapted intervention research model included the compilation of the information presented in the workshops and the training manual, as well as the instructional phase and piloting of the programme. The results obtained for Phase 3 include a summary of the feedback provided by the Grade R teachers on how they experienced the training. Participants’ feedback confirmed that the programme was valued and that their training expectations were met.

Conclusion: The intervention research model provided a valuable structure for the development and piloting of a specific support programme. This study can be replicated, and may pave the way for future support programmes for teachers. Capacity building of teachers is of the utmost importance in raising education standards in South Africa.


Keywords

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder; ADHD; emergent literacy; Grade R teachers; support programme; intervention research model; Bronfenbrenner.

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