Original Research

The performance of South African English first and second adult speakers on a "low linguistically loaded" central auditory processing test protocol

Safia Saleh, Nicole G. Campbell, Wayne J. Wilson
South African Journal of Communication Disorders | Vol 50, No 1 | a212 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajcd.v50i1.212 | © 2019 Safia Saleh, Nicole G. Campbell | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 11 October 2016 | Published: 31 December 2003

About the author(s)

Safia Saleh, Department of Communication Pathology, University of Pretoria, South Africa
Nicole G. Campbell, Department of Communication Pathology, University of Pretoria, South Africa
Wayne J. Wilson, Division of Audiology, School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Queensland, Australia

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Abstract

The lack of standardized tests of central auditory processing disorder (CAPD) in South Africa (SA) led to the formation of a SA CAPD Taskforce, and the interim development of a 'low linguistically loaded' CAPD test protocol using test recordings from the 'Tonal and Speech Materials for Auditory Perceptual Assessment Disc 2.0'. This study inferentially compared the performance of 16 SA English first, and 16 SA English second, language adult speakers on this test protocol, and descriptively compared their performances to previously published American normative data. Comparisons between the SA English first and second language speakers showed a poorer right ear performance (p < .05) by the second language speakers on the two-pair dichotic digits test only. Equivalent performances (p < .05) were observed on the left ear performance on the two pair dichotic digits test, and the frequency patterns test,the duration patterns test, the low-pass filtered speech test, the 45% time compressed speech test, the speech masking level difference test, and the consonant vowel consonant (CVC) binaural fusion test. Comparisons between the SA English and the American normative data showed many large differences (up to 37.1% with respect to predicted pass criteria as calculated by mean-2SD cutoffs), with the SA English speakers performing both better and worse depending on the test involved. As a result, the American normative data was not considered appropriate for immediate use as normative data in SA. Instead, the preliminary data provided in this study was recommended as interim normative data for both SA English first and second language adult speakers, until larger scale SA normative data can be obtained.

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