Original Research

A comparison of attitudes towards stuttering of non-stuttering preschoolers in the United States and Turkey

Mary E. Weidner, Kenneth O. St. Louis, Egemen Nakisci, Ramazan S. Ozdemir
South African Journal of Communication Disorders | Vol 64, No 1 | a178 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajcd.v64i1.178 | © 2017 Mary E. Weidner, Kenneth O. St. Louis, Egemen Nakisci, Ramazan S. Ozdemir | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 11 August 2016 | Published: 21 April 2017

About the author(s)

Mary E. Weidner, Department of Communication Disorders, Marshall University, United States
Kenneth O. St. Louis, Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, West Virginia University, United States
Egemen Nakisci, Private Practice, Turkey
Ramazan S. Ozdemir, Department of Speech and Language Therapy, Istanbul Medipol University, Turkey


Background and objectives: Extensive research documents ubiquitous negative attitudes towards stuttering, but when and how they develop is unclear. This non-experimental, comparative study examined US and Turkish preschoolers to explore the origin of stuttering attitudes cross-culturally.

Method: The authors compared stuttering attitudes of 28 US and 31 Turkish non-stuttering preschoolers on English and Turkish versions of experimental prototypes of the newly developed Public Opinion Survey on Human Attributes–Stuttering/Child (POSHA–S/Child). Children first watched a short video of two stuttering avatar characters and then answered oral questions about stuttering. Parents completed a demographic questionnaire. Differences in the US and Turkish POSHA–S/Child means were calculated using the Mann–Whitney U test.

Results: Attitudes of the US and Turkish children were remarkably similar. Children rated most of the items negatively but also rated some items as neutral or positive. They held relatively more negative attitudes towards traits and personalities of children who stutter yet relatively more positive attitudes towards stuttering children’s potential.

Conclusion: Stuttering attitudes in children appear to be partly independent of culture.


Stuttering; Attitudes; Children; Turkey; USA


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Crossref Citations

1. Improving Polish Stuttering Attitudes: An Experimental Study of Teachers and University Students
Kenneth O. St. Louis, Katarzyna Węsierska, Irena Polewczyk
American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology  vol: 27  issue: 3S  first page: 1195  year: 2018  
doi: 10.1044/2018_AJSLP-ODC11-17-0179