Original Research

An audiological profile of patients infected with multi-drug resistant tuberculosis at a district hospital in KwaZulu-Natal

Delicia Appana, Lavanithum Joseph, Jessica Paken
South African Journal of Communication Disorders | Vol 63, No 1 | a154 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajcd.v63i1.154 | © 2016 Delicia Appana, Lavanithum Joseph, Jessica Paken | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 16 February 2016 | Published: 25 November 2016

About the author(s)

Delicia Appana, Department of Health, Durban, South Africa
Lavanithum Joseph, Discipline of Audiology, University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
Jessica Paken, Discipline of Audiology, University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa

Abstract

Background: The increased incidence of multi-drug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) and the consequent use of aminoglycosides with their ototoxic potential necessitate a better understanding of the audiological pattern of infected patients.

Objective: To describe the occurrence and nature of hearing loss in patients with MDR-TB receiving aminoglycosides over a period of 6 months.

Methods: Baseline and five consecutive monthly audiological assessments were conducted on 52 adults at a hospital in KwaZulu-Natal. A longitudinal descriptive study was implemented. A conventional audiological test battery, extended high frequency audiometry and otoacoustic emission testing were conducted. Data were analysed using SPSS version 19 statistical software package.

Results: Decreased hearing was the most common audiological symptom experienced. Bilateral sensorineural hearing loss was predominant. Ototoxic hearing loss was noted in 27 participants (52%) in 1 month post-treatment. Hearing loss progressed from mild to moderate at post-treatment one, to moderate to severe at post-treatment three and severe to profound at post-treatment five. Changes in hearing function were noted in 52 participants (100%) by post-treatment five. High and ultra-high frequencies were most affected. Speech discrimination scores deteriorated over time. The number of patients with absent distortion product otoacoustic emissions increased over treatment duration.

Conclusion: The greatest effects were observed in the high frequencies before manifesting in the lower frequencies. This highlights the importance of inclusion of high frequency audiometry in the early detection of ototoxicity which can go undiagnosed with traditional audiometry. The high prevalence of hearing loss has implications for the provision of audiological service to this patient population.


Keywords

Audiological profiles; multi-drug resistant tuberculosis, ototoxic hearing loss; audiological monitoring; aural rehabilitation

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Crossref Citations

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